Shumard Oak

Quercus Shumardii

Description:


The Shumard oak is considered a late-dropping oak, with some trees dropping acorns very late in the year. However, some trees may drop very early, making it an important early season food source for deer. In years with heavy acorn production, these trees may be a viable food source throughout the entire deer season. On bumper crop years, I have observed acorns on remaining on the ground into the early spring, resulting in heavier gobblers during the spring turkey season.

Distribution:


Central and eastern US and southern Canada. West to Texas, north to Canada, south to northern Florida.


Distribution Map

Habitat:


Uplands and bottomlands. Can tolerate a wide range of habitat, but is often found near streams and rivers. Prefers rich soil.

Leaf:


Shiny green, 5-9 lobes, with deep, rounded sinuses. Leaf is usually as broad as it is long. Underside of leaf has tufts of brown hairs between the midvein and side veins. 

Shumard Oak

Bark:


Gray, fissured, ranging from somewhat smooth to deeply fissured on older trees. Bark of young trees is very smooth and becomes fissured with age.

Shumard Oak

Acorn:


Medium to large, 3/4" to 1 1/4" with a scaly cap covering 1/4 to 1/3 of the nut.

Shumard Oak

Gallery

Look-alike oaks:


Scarlet Oak - leaves are similar, but shumard oak leaves are usually as wide as they are long, while scarlet oak leaves are generally longer. Underside of Shumard oak leaves have tufts of brown hairs between the veins, while scarlet oak may only have a few light hairs. Bark of Shumard oak is lighter gray and smoother.


Black Oak - leaves and bark may be similar, but bark of black oak is usually darker and rougher. Leaves of Shumard oak usually have deeper sinuses than those of black oak. Black oak leaves do not have the tufts of brown hairs between the veins on the underside.


Northern Red Oak - Acorns may be similar in appearance, but bark and leaves are not. Northern red oak bark is usually darker, with pale gray flat ridges resembling ski tracks. Northern red oak leaves have much shallower sinuses than those of Shumard oak.

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